Animals of Slovenia
In 2003, a total number of
21.500 animal species were recorded for the terrestial part
of Slovenia. However every year new species for the country
are discovered, so the number is still increasing. Due to
the large number of caves also new species for science are
The high number of species
in Slovenia is due to several reasons. Among others important
are endemism, different biogeographical zones and two different
The highest numbers of endemic species live in the caves
in the karst area and in the Alps. This group of animal
have a small range for their distribution.
In Slovenia, five bio-geographical zones are recognised:
Alpine region, pre-alpine area, mediterranean area, dinaric
area, pre-dinaric areas and the sub pannonian area. Although
many species commonly occur in Slovenia, other species have
the edge of their distribution here.
The rivers in Slovenia end or in the Danube/Black Sea or
in the Adriatic Sea. Due to the different ending the rivers
have a typical "Danube" fauna and "Adriatic"
aquatic fauna. The rivers with a typical "Danube"
fauna are the Sava, Drava, Mura, Krka and other contacting
streams. The rivers with a typical "Adriatic"
fauna is the Soca, the Reka and other contacting waters.